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中华人物:郦道元

2019-11-03 06:03:44好文章网-最好的文章阅读网

郦道元(约470—527)北魏范阳涿县(今河北涿州)人,字善长。太和十八年(494)以尚书主客郎随孝文帝北巡,沿途考察怀朔(今内蒙古固阳县南)、武川(今内蒙古武川县西)、抚冥(今内蒙古四子王旗东南)、柔玄(今内蒙古兴和县西北)等镇和阴山(今大青山)一带地理情况。后为治书侍御史,又历任颍川郡太守、冀州镇东府长史、鲁阳郡太守、东荆州刺史和御史中尉、河南尹。孝昌三年(527)为关右大使,至阴盘驿(今陕西西安市东北),被雍州刺史萧宝夤杀害。为政威猛,执法严峻。好学博览,留心考索水道变迁和城邑兴废等历史地理现象。为《水经》作注,约正光三年(522)撰成兼具文学价值的地理巨着《水经注》四十卷。道元着述,原不限于地理,但流传于后世的,唯《水经注》一书。

·引自《中国历史大辞典》(上海辞书出版社2010年版)第2137页。

英文版:

Li Daoyuan (about 470, 527) county of Zhuo of Fan Yang of Northen Wei Dynasty (today Heibei Zhuo city) person, word be apt to is long. Too with 18 years (494) with a high official in ancient China advocate customer man follows make one"s rounds of Xiao Wendi north, inspect Huai Shuo on the way (today south in relief county of Inner Mongolia solid) , Wu Chuan (today Inner Mongolia Wu Chuan county on the west) , stroke dark (today Inner Mongolia 4 child southeast Wang Qi) , Rou Xuan (today Inner Mongolia is promoted and prefectural northwest) wait press down and. The Shi Yu that research a book is after history, have successively held the posts of Ying plain county again viceregal, Ji Zhou is pressed down east your home is long history, feudal provincial or prefectural governor of state of viceregal, Dong Jing mixes rash Yang Jun Yin of drive Shi Zhongwei, Henan. Xiao Changsan year (527) to close right ambassador, to Yin Panyi (today Shaanxi Xi"an city is northeast) , be held sb in respectful awe to kill by treasure of desolate of harmony state feudal provincial or prefectural governor. For politics power fierce, execute the law austere. Academic read extensively, take care changes of the aqueduct that study demand and town city to promote useless wait for historical geography phenomenon. For " water classics " make note, about smooth 3 years (522) write the geographical monumental work that holds a literary value concurrently " water classics is noted " 40. Yuan of write, former not be confined to is geographical, but circulate at later ages, only " water classics is noted " one book.

·Bring from " Chinese history big dictionary " (Shanghai dictionary press 2010 edition) the 2137th page.

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