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中华人物:寇谦之

2019-11-02 06:03:20好文章网-最好的文章阅读网

寇谦之(365—448)北魏上谷昌平(今北京昌平东南)人,字辅真。早年好五斗米道,学张鲁之术。十八岁入嵩山,修道七年。神瑞二年(415),托言太上老君面谕,赐授“天师之位”及《云中音诵新科之诫》二十卷,令其“清整道教,除去三张(张陵、张衡、张鲁)伪法”,又授予导引、服气之术。为改变流行的原始道教,提出以封建“礼度”为主要内容、礼拜炼丹为主要形式的新教义,宣传儒家的“佐国扶民”思想,得到司徒崔浩的赏识,继而又得到太武帝的支持,于魏都平城(今山西大同市东北)建天师道场,制订乐章诵诫新法,称“新天师道”。太武帝亲至道坛,受符箓,自称“太平真君”,改元为“太平真君”。他以天师兼为国师,“辅助太平真君”。此后道教遂在北魏广为传播。

·引自《中国历史大辞典》(上海辞书出版社2010年版)第2796页。

英文版:

Of Kou Qian (365, 448) the Gu Changping on Northen Wei Dynasty (today south Beijing Chang Pingdong) person, word complementary true. One"s early years is good 5 bottles rice path, learn Zhang Lu"s skill. Hill of 18 revenue fleabane, ascetic 7 years. Divine luck 2 years (415) , hold character in the palm too on old gentleman allocution, grant award " of day division " reach " the commandment of new division of Yun Zhongyin Song " 20, make its " clear whole Taoism, eliminate 3 pieces (Zhang Ling, Zhang Heng, Zhang Lu) bogus law " , award again guide bring, the art that be convinced. To change popular primitive Taoism, put forward with feudal " the ceremony is spent " the new religious doctrine that is main form for make pills of immortality of main content, chapel, publicize the Confucianist " Zun Guofu civilian " thought, get the appreciation of grand of department apprentice Cui, then gets again too Wu Di"s support, make the same score a city at Weidou (today city of Shanxi Great Harmony is northeast) Taoist or Buddhish rites of the division that build a day, new law of commandment of formulate movement Song, say " new season division " . Too Wu Di comes in person altar, suffer accord with Geng , profess " too smooth Zhen Jun " , change the designation of an imperial reign is " too smooth Zhen Jun " . He holds the division that it is a country concurrently with day division, "Auxiliary too smooth Zhen Jun " . After this Taoism is in then Northen Wei Dynasty is wide for transmission.

·Bring from " Chinese history big dictionary " (Shanghai dictionary press 2010 edition) the 2796th page.

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